Hello my fellow Endeavorists and welcome to my latest post.
Last week I published a post titled ‘What the hell is Chris up to?’ where I outlined my ideas for future posts. Three of those ideas were to name all the music, art and literary references contained within all three series; Inspector Morse, Lewis and Endeavour. Of course, this is a huge undertaking and will take a great amount of time to complete. It would also of course mean that the results of my endeavours (ahem) would not be available for publishing for quite sometime.
So, I thought it would make more sense to publish the results of my findings as I progress. To that end I thought it better to post my findings episode by episode. I believe this would also make it better for you the reader to receive the information in smaller manageable chunks.
Once I have finished with each series I will post a downloadable excel sheet for each category; music, art and literary references. This would allow everyone who downloads said excel sheets to print them off for personal use. Hopefully, having these print outs next to you while you watch the episode will be of help in identifying your favourite pieces of music from all three series. In the same vein the downloadable excel sheets will I hope help in your enjoyment and appreciation of the art and literary references used in all three series.
Of course I am not infallible (I know I was shocked to realise that trait in myself 😉 ) so if you should spot an error or omission then please let me know and I will update my post with the new information.
The time of the pieces of music et cetera are based on the British DVD versions of the shows. However, the times shown should not be to dissimilar from other countries versions or should be easy to pinpoint what I am referring to and when.
So, let’s get started with the very first episode which was aired nearly 30 years ago;
Dead of Jericho. (Series 1 Episode 1)
(Chronologically; Episode 1)
(The times are set as hh/mm/ss, i.e. hours, minutes and seconds).
Music by Hubert Parry (1848-1918) and lyrics by Henry Vaughan (1622-1695) ‘My Soul there is a Country‘. Sung by the choir at the very beginning of the episode. The lyrics were actually a poem by the Englishman Henry Vaughan titled ‘Peace’ and put to music by the Englishman Sir Charles Hubert Hastings Parry.
BY HENRY VAUGHAN
My Soul, there is a country
Afar beyond the stars,
Where stands a winged sentry
All skillful in the wars;
There, above noise and danger
Sweet Peace sits, crown’d with smiles,
And One born in a manger
Commands the beauteous files.
He is thy gracious friend
And (O my Soul awake!)
Did in pure love descend,
To die here for thy sake.
If thou canst get but thither,
There grows the flow’r of peace,
The rose that cannot wither,
Thy fortress, and thy ease.
Leave then thy foolish ranges,
For none can thee secure,
But One, who never changes,
Thy God, thy life, thy cure.
Music by the Italian Antonio Vivaldi (1678-1741)
The piece is ‘Gloria in Excelsis Deo’ and is played over the scene when Morse is visiting the dodgy garage while in his Jag.
The next piece is being played by Anne Stavely’s pupil (badly) in her house.
The piece is by the Polish composer Frédéric Chopin (1810-1849); ‘Prelude in E-Minor (op.28 no. 4)’.
Here we return to the Hubert Parry (1848-1918) and Henry Vaughan (1622-1695) piece ‘My Soul there is a Country’. Again being sung by the Choir.
The next piece of music is heard while Morse is driving to collect Anne Stavely. It’s by the Austrian Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791). The piece is ‘Concerto No. 14 in E-flat major, K. 449’.
We return to the Hubert Parry (1848-1918) composition ‘My Soul there is a Country’ This time the piece is played with the choir now singing during their concert for which they were previously rehearsing for.
We now find Morse at home listening to Mozart’s, ‘Le Nozze di Figaro K492 act 2, Porgi Amor (The Marriage of Figaro)’.
I am unable to identify the next piece. It is being played in Ned’s room when Morse visits him and is assumed to be Ned’s uncle by Ned’s roommate. I think it is possibly one of the American minimalist modern composers Philip Glass or Steve Reich.
We are back in Morse’s house when Chief Inspector Strange arrives unexpectedly. The piece is by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791) and is ‘Don Giovanni, K.527, Act 1: Ah, Chi Mi Dice Mai.’
I’m afraid I couldn’t identify this piece which is playing on the radio in Morse’s office at the Police Station. I think it is Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 – 1750) but damned if I can recognise it, sorry.
Thanks to A.B. one of my blog readers who sent me an identification for the above piece. It is from ‘Mozart’s Quartet No. 12 in B flat major, K. 172‘.
The next piece is again when Morse is at home and Lewis arrives. The piece is by Frédéric Chopin (1810-1849) and is ‘Fantasie Impromptu Opus 66 in C sharp minor‘. An interesting factoid about this piece is that it was adapted by Harry Carroll for his song ‘I’m Always Chasing Rainbows’ the lyrics were written by Joseph McCarthy. Both versions are below and the lyrical version is sung by the wonderful Judy Garland.
Up next this piece is heard in Morse’s car when he is going to talk to Ned’s tutor. The piece is by the German composer George Frideric Handel (1685 – 1759): ‘Concerto grosso Op.3 No.1‘
Another unknown piece for me i’m afraid. The piece is playing on Morse’s radio at the Police Station.
Again a huge thank you to A.B. who sent me an identification for the this piece on the radio as ‘Mozart’s “Haffner” Symphony‘
A.B. also pointed out that the piece Morse plays while tinkering on Anne’s piano is Morse plays the opening of the ‘Prelude to Wagner’s _Tristan und Isolde‘ on Anne’s piano in a couple of scenes.
The scenes with the choir that Morse is a part of rehearsing for their concert was filmed at the Royal Holloway Sanatorium, Virginia Water, Surrey. The paintings on the walls are by James Imrie and other unknown people.
The next piece of art in the episode can be seen on Anne Stavely’s living room wall;
Behind Morse is ‘Nighthawks‘ (1942) by the wonderful American painter Edward Hopper (1882- 1967). Below is the painting in all its glory;
We now have two pieces of art to look at and again we are in Anne’s house but this time in the kitchen.
On the left we can see Dante Gabriel Rossetti’s (1828-1882) ‘Proserpine‘ (1874)
And on the right or on Anne’s left we have a poster advertising an exhibition of 1986 at the Ashmolean. The painting being used to advertise the exhibition is by Camille Pissarro (1830-1903). The painting is ‘Peasant Women Planting Stakes‘, (1891).
The main and probably only literary reference if you discount Henry Vaughan’s poem is Sophocles’s ‘Oedipus and the King’.
The book is seen lying on Anne’s bedside table and Morse is reading it later in the episode. All information on this play can be found by clicking here.
Well we have come to the end of this post. I hope you have it enjoyed it and also that it has helped in some small way to enjoy the episode that bit more.